Git workflow refers to a set of practices and procedures that govern how a development team uses Git for version control in a collaborative software development project. Different teams might adopt different workflows based on their needs and the nature of the project. Here, I’ll explain a common workflow called “Git Flow,” which was popularized by Vincent Driessen in 2010.
The Git Flow Workflow consists of several branches and defines when and how they should be used. Here are the main branches and their purposes:
- Master Branch: This branch represents the stable, production-ready version of your software. It should always contain code that is ready for deployment.
- Develop Branch: This branch serves as an integration branch where features and fixes are merged before being considered for release. Developers work on their features and bug fixes in separate feature branches.
- Feature Branches: These branches are created for developing new features or functionality. Each feature is developed in its own branch, which is based on the
developbranch. Once the feature is complete, it’s merged back into the
- Release Branches: When the
developbranch has accumulated enough features and fixes and is ready for a release, a new
releasebranch is created from
develop. Final testing, bug fixing, and preparing the release notes occur in this branch. Once everything is ready, the release branch is merged into both
developbranches. Additionally, a version tag is often created in the
- Hotfix Branches: These branches are used to address critical issues in the
masterbranch. If a bug is found in the production version, a hotfix branch is created from the
masterbranch. After fixing the bug, the hotfix branch is merged into both
The typical flow of this workflow might look like this:
- Create a
developbranch from the
- For each new feature, create a feature branch from
- Once a feature is complete, merge the feature branch into
- When enough features are ready for release, create a
- Test, fix, and finalize the release in the
- Merge the
releasebranch into both
develop, and tag the
masterbranch with a version.
- If critical issues are found in the
masterbranch, create a hotfix branch from
- Fix the issue in the hotfix branch and merge it into both
- Rinse and repeat for future releases and hotfixes.
DevOps training in coimbatore is a program or course designed to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills required to adopt and implement DevOps practices in software development and IT operations. DevOps is a set of principles, practices, and tools aimed at fostering collaboration and communication between software development teams and IT operations teams, with the goal of delivering software more rapidly, reliably, and efficiently.
It’s important to note that while Git Flow is a well-defined and widely used workflow, it might not be the best fit for every team or project. Depending on your team’s preferences and the nature of your development cycle, you might choose to modify or adapt this workflow to better suit your needs. Additionally, other workflows like GitHub Flow, GitLab Flow, and GitOps have gained popularity and offer different approaches to version control and collaboration.